Monumen Putri Lopian, Yang Gugur Bersama Ayahanda (Raja Sisingamangaraja)

Monumen Srikandi Putri Lopian Boru Sinambela di Kota Porsea, Sumatera Utara

Monumen Srikandi Putri Lopian Boru Sinambela di Kota Porsea, Sumatera Utara

 

Seorang gadis belia yang ikut berjuang dan berkorban melawan penjajah Belanda, gugur dalam pertempuran tanggal 17 Juni 1907 di Aek Sibulbulon Pearaja Dairi, di adalah Putri Lopian.
Ayahandanya Raja Sisingamangaraja XII, saudaranya Patuan Nagari dan Patuan Anggi gugur bersama pejuang lainnya dalam pertempuran tersebut.

Lopian adalah anak ke-3 yang dilahirkan oleh ibunda Boru Sahala, lahir di Pearaja Dairi desa Sionomhudon yaitu ibukota perjuangan Raja Sisingamangaraja XII setelah Bakkara dan Lintong. Disinilah Lopian tumbuh menjadi dewasa dan tumbuh berjiwa pejuang karena sehari-hari bergaul dengan pejuang termasuk Teuku Nyak Bantal dan Teuku Muhammad Ben, para panglima dari Aceh.

Pada awal tahun 1907 pasukan Belanda mulai mendekati Pearaja Dairi karena Raja Sisingamangaraja XII bertekad mempertahankan Pearaja Dairi maka seluruh keluarga kaum wanita dan anak-anak harus menyingkir dari daerah itu, tetapi Lopian yang pada waktu itu anak gadis berusia 17 tahun tidak mau ikut menyingkir karena ia berkeras hati tetap harus ikut berperang melawan penjajah Belanda.

Dalam pertempuran tanggal 17 Juni 1907 di Aek Sibulbulon Pearaja Dairi seluruh pejuang yang berpantang menyerah itu gugur karena jumlah dan persenjataan yang tidak sebanding dengan pasukan Belanda.

Oleh pasukan Belanda, jenazah Raja Sisingamangaraja XII, jenazah putranya Raja Patuan Nagari dan Raja Patuan Anggi dibawa melalui Tele ke Balige dan kemudian dikuburkan di Tarutung.

Sedang jenazah Lopian Boru Sinambela ditinggalkan dengan ditimbun dalam jurang bersama panglima dari Aceh.

Dan tinggallah Lopian di hutan Pearaja Dairi …

 

 

MS

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Pernikahan Cicit Sisingamangaraja ke 12 Dan Suksesi Ratu Beatrix Dari Belanda

Raja Sisingamangaraja XII

Raja Sisingamangaraja XII

 

Jakarta, 29 Januari 2013 (KATAKAMI.COM)  —  Tak ada yang tak tahu nama Raja Sisingamangaraja di Indonesia ini. Khususnya warga Tapanuli, semua pasti tahu dan pernah mendengar nama Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12.

Sisingamangaraja XII (lahir di Bakara, 18 Februari 1845 – meninggal di Dairi, 17 Juni 1907 pada umur 62 tahun) adalah seorang raja di negeri Toba, Sumatera Utara, pejuang yang berperang melawan Belanda.

Kemudian diangkat oleh pemerintah Indonesia sebagai Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia sejak tanggal 9 November 1961 berdasarkan SK Presiden RI No 590/1961.

Sebelumnya Sisingamangaraja di makamkan di Tarutung, lalu dipindahkan ke Balige.

Ia juga dikenal dengan nama Raja Patuan Bosar Ompu Pulo Batu, naik tahta pada tahun 1876 menggantikan ayahnya Sisingamangaraja XI yang bernama Ompu Sohahuaon, selain itu ia juga disebut juga sebagai raja imam.

Penobatan Sisingamangaraja XII sebagai maharaja di negeri Toba bersamaan dengan dimulainya open door policy (politik pintu terbuka) Belanda dalam mengamankan modal asing yang beroperasi di Hindia-Belanda, dan yang tidak mau menandatangani Korte Verklaring(perjanjian pendek) di Sumatera terutama Kesultanan Aceh dan Toba, di mana kerajaan ini membuka hubungan dagang dengan negara-negara Eropa lainya.

Di sisi lain Belanda sendiri berusaha untuk menanamkan monopolinya atas kerajaan tersebut. Politik yang berbeda ini mendorong situasi selanjutnya untuk melahirkan Perang Tapanuli yang berkepanjangan hingga puluhan tahun.

 

Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela, cicit kandung Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12

Ir. Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela (TONGGO) , cicit kandung Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12

 

Sisi Lain Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela, Cicit Kandung Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12

 

Silsilah Raja Sisingamangaraja dari urutan 1 sampai ke 12 adalah sebagai berikut :

Singamangaraja II, Ompu Raja Tinaruan

Singamangaraja III, Raja Itubungna.

Singamangaraja IV, Tuan Sorimangaraja.

Singamangaraja V, Raja Pallongos.

Singamangaraja VI, Raja Pangolbuk,

Singamangaraja VII, Ompu Tuan Lumbut,

Singamangaraja VIII, Ompu Sotaronggal

Singamangaraja IX, Ompu Sohalompoan,

Singamangaraja X, Ompu Tuan Na Bolon

Sisingamangaraja XI, Ompu Sohahuaon

Sisingamangaraja XII,  Raja Patuan Bosar Ompu Pulo Batu

Khusus untuk Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12, sepanjang ia bergerilya di masa penjajahan Belanda, 3 anaknya ikut mendampingi yaitu Raja Patuan Anggi Sinambela, Raja Patuan Nagari Sinambela dan Putri Lopian Sinambela.

Ketiga anaknya tewas di tangan tentara Belanda.

Tetapi Raja Sisingamangaraja memiliki anak yang masih hidup yaitu Raja Karel Buntal Sinambela, inilah yang disebut sebagai Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 13.

Raja Karel Buntal Sinambela memiliki seorang anak lelaki yang diberi nama Raja Patuan Sori Sinambela, inilah yang disebut sebagai Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 14.

Dari hasil pernikahannya dengan Maria Magdalena boru Pasaribu (putri bungsu dari pasangan Somuntul Bungajalan Pasaribu yang bergelar Tuan Sariburaja dan Tamelan boru Naibaho), Raja Patuan Sori Sinambela memiliki 2 anak.

Anak pertamanya perempuan, diberi nama Saur Sinar Romauli boru Sinambela.

Anak kedua dari Raja Patuan Sori Sinambela adalah lelaki, yang diberi nama Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela.

Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela inilah yang kemudian meneruskan dinasti Sisingamangaraja dengan menempati urutan 15 dalam monarki “tanpa kerajaan’ dari dinasti Sisingamangaraja.

Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela lahir di Medan, 24 Desember 1972.

Ayahnya, yaitu Raja Patuan Sori Sinambela, wafat seminggu sebelum kelahiran Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela, pada tanggal 18 Desember 1972 akibat kecelakaan lalulintas.

Pada hari Sabtu, 26 Januari 2013 lalu, cicit kandung Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 ini melangsungkan pernikahannya dengan kekasihnya, Rista boru Sitorus.

Pernikahan cicit kandung Raja Sisingamangaraja ini berlangsung di sebuah desa kecil bernama Huta Tinggi, di kawasan Balige, Tapanuli, Sumatera Utara.

 

Ratu Beatrix dari Kerajaan Belanda, kanan, bersama Pangeran Willem Alexander

Ratu Beatrix dari Kerajaan Belanda, kanan, bersama Pangeran Willem Alexander

 

Dua hari sebelum pernikahan cicit kandung Raja Sisingamangaraja berlangsung, atau tepatnya pada hari Kamis (24/1/2013) Ratu Beatrix dari Kerajaan Belanda mengumumkan bahwa tidak lama lagi dia akan pensiun sebagai pemimpin monarki Belanda. Posisi dia sebagai kepala negara akan diganti oleh putranya, Pangeran Willem-Alexander.

Menurut kantor berita Reuters, Ratu Beatrix menyatakan sudah saatnya turun tahta setelah lebih dari tiga puluh tahun berada di singgasana kerajaan. Kini, lanjut dia, tampuk kepemimpinan harus diberi kepada yang muda.

“Saya mundur bukan karena tugas yang diemban terlalu berat, namun sudah saatnya tanggung jawab memimpin bangsa ini diserahkan kepada generasi muda,” kata Beatrix dalam pernyataan di Amsterdam pada Kamis (24/1/2013) waktu setempat.

Maka, Ratu yang Kamis esok genap berusia 75 tahun itu sudah menunjuk Putra Mahkota Pangeran Willem-Alexander sebagai penggantinya. Pergantian akan berlangsung 30 April mendatang. “Dia bersama Putri Maxima sudah sangat siap mengemban tugas di masa depan,” lanjut Beatrix.

Willlem-Alexander beristrikan Putri Maxima, yang berasal dari Argentina. Mereka telah dikaruniai tiga anak.

Apa hubungan antara pernikahan cicit kandung Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 dengan suksesi di Kerajaan Belanda ?

Ada hubungannya …

Sangat ada …

Cicit kandung Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 atau Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela mempunyai harapan besar dan misi khusus kepada Kerajaan dan Pemerintah Belanda.

Tonggo, demikian Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela biasa dipanggil, sangat menginginkan adanya pengembalian seluruh dokumen, buku dan barang-barang pribadi milik Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 yang dirampas dan disita dari Istana Sisingamangaraja di daerah Bakara, Tapanuli.

“Tentara Belanda membumi-hanguskan Kerajaan Opung (kakek) di Bakara sekitar tahun 1887. Diserbu dan dibakar. Tapi kemudian istana itu dibangun kembali. Kalau tidak salah sekitar 10 tahun kemudian, Belanda datang lagi menghancurkan Istana itu. Semua yang ada di Istana diambil. Yang paling penting adalah semua surat, buku-buku dan pustaka-pustaka yang diwariskan oleh Raja Sisingamangaraja ke XI kepada Sisingamangaraja ke XII” kata Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela kepada KATAKAMI.COM, Selasa (29/1/2013).

Tonggo ingin Kerajaan dan Pemerintah Belanda memberikan perhatian yang serius mengenai masalah pengembalian barang-barang pribadi milik kakeknya.

“Raja Sisingamangaraja ke XII adalah opung aku. Aku mau, kami sebagai keluarga yang menyimpan semua barang-barang pribadi yang dimiliki oleh Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12. Belanda tidak punya hak menyimpan dan menguasai semua barang-barang milik opung kami. Sejak kematian Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 tanggal 17 Juni 1907 sampai detik ini, tidak ada satupun dari pihak Keluarga yang dihubungi atau bahkan didatangi oleh pihak Belanda. Baik untuk permohonan maaf ataupun untuk mengembalikan semua barang-barang pribadi milik Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12″ lanjut Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela.

Lalu, bagaimana jika satu waktu nanti semua barang-barang pribadi — khususnya semua surat, dokumen dan pustaka pribadi milik Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 — bisa diserahkan kepada ahli waris Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 ?

Tonggo sudah mengantisipasi hal tersebut.

“Aku sudah mendirikan sebuah yayasan yaitu Yayasan Forum Sisingamangaraja ke 12. Di Soposurung yaitu di Komplek Pemakaman Opung Sisisngamangaraja ke 12, ada rumah besar untuk kami huni jika datang ke sana. Disitu, bisa didirikan sebuah museum. Aku ingin satu waktu nanti kami bisa mendirikan Museum Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12. Sekarang belum bisa didirikan karena semua barang-barang pribadi Opung dirampas oleh Belanda” ungkap Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela.

 

Yang menewaskan Sisingamangaraja XII : Foto tahun 1907. Tentara Belanda mengejar Sisingamangaraja XII di kawasan hutan Tele. Dipimpin Hans Christoffel (memegang tongkat), mereka berpose sejenak di daerah Sagala.

Yang menewaskan Sisingamangaraja XII : Foto tahun 1907. Tentara Belanda mengejar Sisingamangaraja XII di kawasan hutan Tele. Dipimpin Hans Christoffel (memegang tongkat), mereka berpose sejenak di daerah Sagala.

 

Keinginan dari cicit kandung Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 ini adalah sesuatu yang sangat lumrah untuk disampaikan kepada Kerajaan dan Pemerintah Belanda.

Ada 4 orang dalam satu keluarga yang dibunuh oleh tentara Belanda di masa penjajahan yaitu :

Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 dan 3 orang anaknya, yaitu : Raja Patuan Anggi Sinambela, Raja Patuan Nagari Sinambela, dan Putri Lopian Sinambela.

Hidup bagaikan roda yang berputar.

Walau 4 orang sudah dibinasakan tetapi semangat juang dari Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 tetap diwariskan kepada keturunan-keturunannya.

Hampir 106 tahun, Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 dan ketiga anaknya tewas di tangan tentara Belanda yang dipimpin Hans Christoffel.

Dimana tanggung-jawab Kerajaan dan Pemerintah Belanda atas kekejaman perang di masa lalu ?

Yang diinginkan oleh cicit kandung Raja Sisingamangaraja ini adalah kembalinya barang-barang pribadi milik sang kakek.

Dan dia berhak dan sangat sah menuntut pengembalian itu secara utuh.

Pasca pernikahannya yang diberkati di Gereja Parmalim (Huta Tinggi), Raja Tonggo Tua Sinambela akan memulai hidup baru dengan sang istri di kawasan Jalan Letjen. Jamin Ginting, Padang Bulan, Medan, Sumatera Utara.

Ia menunggu itikat baik dari Pemerintah dan Kerajaan Belanda.

Misinya meminta kembali seluruh barang-barang milik sang kakek adalah untuk mewujudkan rasa hormat yang setinggi-tingginya kepada seorang pahlawan nasional yang telah dengan sangat gagah berani berjuang melawan penjajahan Belanda.

Sisingamangaraja dan 3 anak yang begitu dicintainya, tewas di tangan penjajah demi memperjuangkan kemerderkaan untuk Indonesia.

Bung Karno mengatakan, “Jangan Sekali-Sekali Melupakan Sejarah !”.

Sebab, bangsa yang besar adalah bangsa yang menghargai jasa para pahlawan-pahlawannya.

Sementara menurut Napoleon Bonaparte, seorang Panglima Perang yang sangat membanggakan dari Perancis, bahwa sejarah adalah versi dari lembaran masa lalu, dimana masyarakat sepakat menyetujuinya (sebagai sebuah kebenaran).

“History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon”.

Hampir sebagian besar dari masyarakat Tapanuli mengetahui sebuah legenda nyata yang menceritakan sebuah ciri tentang Raja Sisingamangaraja ke 12 bila hendak memperkenalkan dirinya :

“Ahu Sisingamangaraja !”

Yang artinya, “Saya SISINGAMANGARAJA !”

 

 

MS

Photostream : Bakkara Village, The Land of King Sisingamangaraja

Bakkara Valley, the land of Sisingamangaraja. An area said as the birth place of one famous Batak hero in the history, Raja Sisingamangaraja XII  (Photo : Flickr.com/photos/jamalrahman)

 

Bakkara Valley, the land of Sisingamangaraja. An area said as the birth place of one famous Batak hero in the history, Raja Sisingamangaraja XII (Photo : Flickr.com/photos/jamalrahman)

 

Bakkara Valley, the land of Sisingamangaraja. An area said as the birth place of one famous Batak hero in the history, Raja Sisingamangaraja XII  (Photo : Flickr.com/photos/jamalrahman)

 

 

 

Bakkara Village, the land of Sisingamangaraja

Bakkara Village, Lake Toba ~ North Sumatra

 

 

BAKKARA is a small village in North Sumatra, Indonesia is the place of BIRTH the KING SISINGAMANGARAJA, he came from BATAK ethnic as one of INDONESIA national hero in the 2nd worldwar.

Many already know, even many of the world knew his name. Sisingamangaraja, King of the Batak. He put in laws, customs, arrangement with the concept that enhanced anesthetic. He uphold human rights, freeing people from the stocks, giving a pardon to those who repent of error.

Born in Spear-Sulu Sulu Bakkara. A beautiful place, a valley on the banks of Lake Toba is crossed by rivers and Aek Aek Simangira Cross meeting in Lobu Onan. The first royal palace was built around Onan Lobu. There is still found signs of history and Hariara Parjuragatan Stone Hundulan. Then the Palace was built over the upstream later called Lumbanraja.

Lumbanraja had become one of the village, but now it dirobah village name became Village Simamora. Gone historical aspect that there was once a village called King Sisingamangaraja Lumbanraja. Efforts to eliminate any Sisingamangaraja royal legend continues. Palace complex and diserobot by residents reluctant to leave. Award for the sanctity of the palace was also removed. Not only by local residents, the family unit was difficult Sinsingamangaraja derivative combined. Often different opinion.

The government tried to build the palace. Master Plan was drawn up. Families and communities who still appreciate and respect Sisingamangaraja also been agreed. Tata empire karma must be met. But what happens, the building was built so long as the government. Within one year there is a collapse, some of which threatened the rest of collapse. Rehabilitation funds were pursued, the results still do not meet the sacred quality of the building is expected during the preparation of the master plan. Why?
Derivative Siraja Oloan first showed the power of the court to deny the sacred complex. They built a monument of Oloan Siraja before “Sogit” which should be free Sisingamangaraja lead sunrise.

In the former Sisingamangaraja sogit pray to Mulajadi Nabolon. There’s bird emblem “Patiaraja” on it.

With the monument in front of him like Siraja Oloan “sibongbong ari” blocking the sun sogit welcome.

Siraja Oloan is included Sinambela family clan. Sinambela is a family surname Bona Ni termasuh Onan. Bona Ni Onan is a lower “external” Manghuntal King, King Sisingamangaraja I and, respectively to 12 dynasties. If the nearest thicket “hasuhuton” royal functionary Sisingamangaraja disregard the sanctity of worship and the King’s palace complex Sisingamangaraja, then who else?

Bakkara, seems not to give space to the preservation of historical value Sisingamangaraja. But respect for the people outside Batak Siraja Oloan and outside Bakkara to Sisingamangaraja, will still be there.

When the transfer of the bones of Tarutung Sisingamangaraja XII for example, Balige very response and provide Soposurung location. When monument Lopian heroine, the daughter Sisingamangaraja XII will be built, the community and provide a response Porsea location in front of Head Office Porsea. Although finally known, some families do not agree it Sisingamangaraja Lopian statue placed in Porsea.

Lumbanraja village has a village dirobah Simamora. Palace complex becomes a conservation project orientation juntrungannya unclear. Residents and descendants are still reluctant Sisinganamngaraja adjust to the system of existing space. New buildings appeared without the knowledge of the family. New grave in front of the new building disesakkan court facilities. Worse, the sense of the word “rundut” like “jambulan ni parsigira”.

Bakkara currently there is no remaining shred leaves the wisdom of history indicates there used to be darisana Sakti which King is Sisingamangaraja Sohor. There are only dirt and stone, and marked, here and there. Residents do not have more value history, tradition and royal etiquette.

No wonder, when the hobo “wonder” why the palace complex was left as musical arena project and personal claims?

Sisingamangaraja XII already know the end of former struggle. Before doing guerrilla into the wilderness, was given the mandate to Sionom Ompu (adat six of the six clans in Bakkara) with care goods royal heritage. Themselves and their families should be King Sisingamangaraja be “stakeholders” Sisingamangaraja tradition. What Sionom Ompu reaction? Of course, the family unit must be seen Sisingamangaraja king. Direction and purpose to the restoration carried Sisingamangaraja Palace family. They should be in front of “manghobasi” lavatory start implementing it. The government only supports, and support from the community are more likely again.  (*)

 

 

 

SOURCE : PMB1951.BLOGSPOT.COM

History Of Indonesian, King Sisingamangaraja XII (1845 – 1907)

King Sisingamangaraja XII

King Sisingamangaraja XII

 

Sisingamangaraja is a big name in the history of Batak.

He was a unifying figure. Sisingamangaraja dynasty began in the mid 1500’s, when King Sisingamangaraja I was born in 1515 began to reign. He was not the first king there. The government before it is known as the anesthetic. A narcotic is a collection of about seven horja. While one consisted of 20 huta horja or village has its own leadership. There Stunning Toba, Patane Bolon, Silindung and so on.

Of the 12 people who continued the dynasty Sisingamangaraja, Singamangaraja XII is the most popular king, and was appointed as a national hero since 9 November 1961. Augustin made his paintings Sibarani then printed on the old money of Rp 1,000, is the only “free” themselves Sisingamangaraja. He ascended the throne in 1876 succeeded his father Singamangaraja XI named Ompu Sohahuaon.

The coronation of the Maharaja Singamangaraja XII in Toba country simultaneously with the start of open door policy (open door policy). Holland felt the need to secure foreign capital operating in Indonesia are not willing to sign a Verkaring Korte (short contract) in Sumatra and Aceh especially Tapanuli. Both consultants are opening trade relations with other European countries. Holland himself tried to instill in the sultanate is monopilinya. Different political situation encourages further to give birth to a protracted battle to tens of years.

One which continues to be a subject of discussion today, is a fad religion Sisingamangaraja XII. Some believe, he professed adherents of the old belief that most of the Batak people. Similar to the two major world religions Islam and Christianity, Batak religion knows only one Almighty, Debata Mulajadi Na Bolon or Ompu Mulajadi Nabolon. Batak religion a long time now been abandoned, though of course the traditional beliefs are still maintained.

Combat power of a very long time because in tunjang by the religious teachings of Islam. It is rarely rarely pointed out by historians, because it was less relevant to the title of National Hero. Or because of other reasons to feel less need membicarakanya. If yet want to talk about religion in Singamangaraja embraced by Si XII, they are more likely to recognize Si XII Singamangaraja Pelbagu religion. Pelbagu kind of animistic religions worship gods who know well. Debata Mulajadi as Mahadeva. Also mengaenal teaching Trimurti: Guru (the god of glory), Ser Debata

One thing that is difficult to accept is when the Si XII Singamangaraja animistic religion, because we consider kalu Singamangaraja Cap Si XII which reads Arabic letters reads: Here in the land of Maharaja Cap Bakara village Toba city. Hijra of the Prophet 1304. Stamp is clearly visible on the use of Hijra of the Prophet. This gives a picture of the magnitude of the influence of the teachings of Islam that animates self Singamangaraja Si XII. The letter also in the Batak who still capture, is the same as the action Diponegoro who still uses the same letter in writing Java.

Similarly, if we look at the flag of war. Seen the influence of Islam in the picture saber, sun and moon. It would be more obvious if we follow the description of a few magazines or newspapers that reported about the Dutch in the profess religion by Si Singamangaraja XII, among others; Volgens berichten van de bevolking Moet de Togen, woordige titularis een 5 Jaren not geleden tot den Islam jizn bekeerd, doch werd hij fanatiek Islamiet Geen Geen Druk op en oefende jizn ongeving zich om te uit bekeeren. (Sukatulis, 1907, p, 1)

According to the news of the population, the current king (mean Titularis is Singamangaraja Si XII) since five years ago converted to Islam a fanatical, as he meneka so that the people around him change his religion. News on this data gives us that the Si XII Singamangaraja Muslim. In addition, the add also about the people who are not Muslims, and Si XII Singamangaraja not hold duress or other pressure. This also gives an overview about the state of Si also Singamangaraja XII against the teachings of the religion itself.

Mohammad Said, in his book Sisingamangaraja XII declared the possibility that Sisingamangaraja a true Muslim. Guidelines are derived from information in the writings of a Dutch missionary, JH Meerwaldt, who had been a teacher at nearby Narumonda Porsea. Meerwaldt heard Sisingamangaja already embraced Islam.

In the magazine Rheinische Missionsgessellschaft published in 1907 in Germany which stated that Sisingamangaraja, despite the super-natural power to say no to him, to fall, and that the same is true for the shift he became a Muslim and his relationship to the people of Aceh.

Relations with the Dutch attack Aceh occurred Batak land in 1877. Because of weak tactically, Sisingamangaraja XII in a relationship with the troops in Aceh and the Acehnese figures Muslim fighters to improve his army’s combat capability. He went to the Gayo, Alas, Singkel, and Pidie in Aceh and also take part in war exercises Keumala.

Exchange of officers carried out. Trained officers involved in the troop Aceh Sisingamangaraja XII to help the strategy of winning the war, while officers continue to be trained in Aceh Batak. One teacher Mengambat, one warlord Sisingamangaraja XII. Teachers earned Teungku Mengambat Aceh.

The information is based on resident LC Kort Verslag Welsink on August 16, 1906. In it is mentioned, a commander named Teacher Mengambat Sisingamangaraja XII of Salak (Kab. Pakpak Hasundutan now) had converted to Islam. This information was obtained by Welsink of Ompu Onggung and Defence Batu.

In a confidential letter to the Department van Oorlog, the Netherlands, Lieutenant L. van Vuuren and Berenshot on 19 July 1907 stated, Dat de oude S vaststaatdat bet. S. M. Met zijn tot den zonns waren over gegaan Islam, al wel niet zullen zij Mohamedan in merg en zijn geworden been / That is definitely S. S. M. old with her sons had converted to Islam, although Islam is not just how pervasive they are in his soul.

Dutch Newspapers Algemcene Handeslsblad on July 3, 1907 edition, as stated Mohammad Said in his book, wrote, “According to the news of the occupation, never mind that now is the king (ie Sisingamangaraja) since five years ago have embraced Islam. But he was not an Islamic fanatic, so he does not push people around him change his religion “.

This information further strengthen the notion Sisingamangaraja XII had embraced Islam. Moreover, Islamic patterns seen in the pattern of government administration, such as flags and seals.

Sisingamangaraja XII flag is red and white., Bearing the sword twin, moon and stars, similar to the flag of Saudi Arabia now. The difference is the month in which the flag Sisingamangaraja XII is located at the right seblah sword is a full moon or full moon, not the crescent moon. While the stars that are located on the left has eight serrations, not five as is commonly seen in mosques in other Islamic traditions symbol. However, eight jagged objects could also be interpreted as the sun.

The exterior of which has 12 stamp Sisingamangaraja jagged edges also use the Hijri era and the Arabic alphabet. But the Arabic alphabet to write the Batak language, “This is the cap Maharaja in Kampung Negri Toba Bakara The city name, Hijrat Prophet 1304”. While the script writing bataknya Ahu Sahap ni mian Bakara Mangaraja Lion Mars, which means I’m Mr. Lion Cap Mangaraja enthroned in Bakara.

“Actually, the flag and the seal was already characterizing feature of Islam in government Sisingamangaraja. Thus a strong possibility he had embraced Islam, but there is no authentic data so it can not be ascertained the truth, “said Chairman of the Ulema Council of North Sumatra Siregar H Aziz Mahmud.

For more in-depth delivered, Dada Meuraxa in his book History of Culture of the Tribes in North Sumatra. “Sisingamangaraja XII had converted to Islam and circumcised in Aceh when he came to Banda Aceh for help weapons,” said Meuraxa.

In the book Meuraxa said the statement was based on a source statement, Tuanku Hashim, citing his aunt who is also Commander Polem wife who witnessed the ceremony in Aceh.

“Although not enough facts Sisingamangaraja a Muslim, but his motion is affected by the story of Islam. Up to stamp his own kingdom Arabic script. Wearing the flag of stars and the moon two Arab sword was also given the fact the light, “wrote Dada Meuraxa.

Singamangaraja Ompu Pulobatu XII himself named, was born on February 18, 1845 and died June 7, 1907 in a battle with the Dutch in the Dairi. A bullet penetrated his chest. Toward the last breath, by gunfire Dutch troops led by Captain Hans Christoffel, he still says, “Ahu Sisingamangaraja”.

The words were synonymous with perseverance berjuang.Turut that time also shot his two sons Patuan Nagari and Patuan Anggi, and his daughter Princess Lopian.

While the rest of his family captive in Tarutung. That’s the end of the battle against Dutch colonialism in the Batak lands since 1877. Sisingamangaraja himself later interred in the Dutch military on June 22, 1907 at Silindung. The new tomb was moved to Soposurung, Balige like this since June 17, 1953.  (*)

 

 

SOURCE :  HISTORYOFINDONESIAN.BLOGSPOT.COM

By rajasisingamangaraja

Malim: The Batak’s native religion

Raja Sisingamangaraja 12

Raja Sisingamangaraja 12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hundreds of men with white turbans were sitting on mats, hands resting on their chests as a gesture of veneration, while women formed a circle in the yard of the Malim place of worship in Hutatinggi, Laguboti, North Sumatra.

In the center of the circle stood Raja Marnakkok Naipospos — a ritual leader — and members of his community, in front of three small stages covered with offerings for Mula Jadi Na Bolon (the Almighty God) and other deities believed to belong to the kingdom of the Almighty God.

The congregation looked engrossed as Raja Marnakkok recited a prayer to the sound of traditional Bata instruments, gondang sabangunan. Raja Marnakkok then placed offerings on the small stages in front of him, thus completing the Malim ritual of Sipaha Lima.

The Permalim, followers of Malim, perform Sipaha Lima in the fifth month of the Batak calendar to make offerings to Mula Jadi Na Bolon and other deities.

Malim is believed to be the Batak ethnic group’s oldest religion, practiced long before Christianity was brought in by Dutch colonial missions or Islam by Paderi warriors from West Sumatra.

The Batak are known to have worshipped Mula Jadi Na Bolon since the days of Raja Batak, one of their ancestral chiefs.

Many circles are convinced Malim derives from Islam, because of the similarities between the two religions such as the use of turbans and the prohibition to eat pork as well food containing blood. However Raja Marnakkok begs to differ.

“They [the similarities] are only coincidences. Historically, the Parmalim do not have any direct connection to Islam,” Raja Marnakkok told The Jakarta Post.

Although the Batak’s belief in Mula Jadi Na Bolong dates back centuries ago, the name Malim was only coined later.

Bataks are also known to have been pagans, blending their belief in Mula Jadi Na Bolong with an animistic worship of the spirits of the dead as well as objects with supernatural powers.

Malim was declared a Batak religion when Dutch colonizers strived to conquer the Batak region in the 1800s.

A leader and king of Batak, Sisingamangaraja XII, put up a fierce resistance to the Dutch’s attempt to control his land. A very long war prevailed between Dutch troops and Sisingamangaraja XII’s forces. The Batak already believed in Mula Jadi Na Bolon under Sisingamangaraja.

In 1907, the Dutch announced Sisingamangaraja XII had been killed, yet in the Malim faith, Sisingamangaraja never died.

A new leader, Raja Nasiakbagi, emerged in the Batak community. Thus Malim officially became a religion in Batak land when this new leader met with his disciples. At the time, he said: “Malim ma hamu”, literally translated as “Be sanctified are you”. So the teachings spread by Raja Nasiakbagi are now called Malim.

“Up till today, the Parmalim have remained convinced Sisingamangaraja XII was Mula Jadi Na Bolon’s chosen prophet, whose divine mission was carried on by Raja Nasiakbagi, when the Dutch attempted to rule the Batak land,” Raja Marnakkok Naipospos pointed out.

Raja Marnakkok is Raja Mulia Naipospos’ grandson, the first-generation Malim religious leader after the demise of Sisingamangaraja XII during the Dutch siege. Raja Mulia was one of Raja Nasiakbagi’s loyal disciples, widely regarded as an incarnation of Sisingamangaraja XII.

Although Malim originates from the Batak community, only a limited number of Batak are aware this faith exists. It is said the intense proselytizing of Bataks by Christians has led to the Christian community covering up the existence of Malim, especially from the younger generation.

The Permalim have even been likened to sipele begu (Satan worshippers), a rumor thought to have been fabricated by the Dutch while they spread Christian teachings. Many Batak subsequently abandoned Malim because of the stigma around the religion.

“Campaigns branding Parmalim as devil worshippers still exist today,” said Raja Marnakkok Naipospos.

“As a result, the Batak not familiar with Malim regard it as a heresy. But in fact, Malim recognizes the existence of the one and only Almighty God,” Raja Marnakkok Naipospos went on.

Because Indonesia only officially recognizes six religions — Islam, Catholicism, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism, many local faiths like Malim are categorized as beliefs — rather than religions. Therefore any matter related to those “beliefs” come under the Education and Culture Ministry.

“The Permalim are forced to choose one of the six official religions as the faith printed on their citizen’s identity card,” said Monang Naipospos, one of Malim’s religious leaders and member of the regional council of Toba Samosir.

But the government has attempted to address this issue by passing two laws — Law No.52/2009 on population growth and family development, as well Law No.23/2006 on population administration — allowing members of the Malim community to leave the religion status blank or choose any status for their citizen’s identity card. The Permalim have long fought to obtain these concessions.

“We have initiated an identity card bearing no religion on it. It’s better for us to leave the religion identity status blank instead of choosing one we don’t belong to,” added Monang Naipospos.

The Permalim ultimately hope they will gain the same status as followers of the six official religions in Indonesia. “We’ll keep striving for Malim’s recognition as an official religion in the country,” concluded Monang.  (*)

 

 

SOURCE : THE JAKARTA POST

 

 

King Sisingamangaraja XII

Raja Sisingamangaraja Ke-12

Raja Sisingamangaraja Ke-12

 

The Expansion of Colonialism In North Sumatra

Until the mid nineteenth century, North Sumatra were considered to be isolated. In other words, they did not have any contacts with the outside world. However, after some scientific research this assumption has been proved wrong. 

Historically, the people here have had continuous contacts with others. They were believed to adhere to their own culture. Moreover, as proof we can refer to the Christian Nestorian Denomination which was founded in the XII century in Fansur (or now named Barus). This indicates that they made contacts with others and these had caused several changes in society.

One of the main changes that had come about as a result of the contact was the relationship with Portugal, Spain, The UK, The Netherlands and France. Many people sensed the high competition among the visitors who wanted to establish colonies in that place.

It was also felt by the Sisingamangaraja Dynasty which had been on the throne for 12 generations This dynasty existed in the middle of XII century. King Sisingamangaraja was enthroned in 1875 in Bakara when he was at the age of 17.

The competition between the Dutch and the English became more distinct. They each wanted to control the marketing of goods. This eventually forced them to sign the London Agreement (1824) that allowed the Dutch more space to act freely in Indonesia. For commercial and economic reasons, the Dutch became more ambitious to conquer the archipelago, especially, after there was a war in Java (1825 – 1830).

The Dutch wanted to subjugate mainly Aceh and North Sumatra. This was evident by the Aceh and Batak wars which were, in fact, connected to each other.

Politically, the Aceh and Batak wars were coordinated as seen from the Dutch side. Two years after the Aceh war broke out, the regional authority of King Sisingamangaraja XII in Silindung was taken away little by little by the Dutch (1871).

The King led the war against the Dutch rule. The war had a great impact on the people (1875). The Dutch became more determined in trying to subjugate North Sumatra and they improved their military operations in the area. Their ambition increased after knowing that this area had enormous oil resources in Langkat which could be exploited for its commercial value.

The Dutch knew about King Sisingamangaraja and other leaders such as King Tuan Rondahaim Saragih, King Sibayak from Karo and other fighters from Aceh. They knew that they would try to prevent them from carrying out their operations.

The position of The Dutch in North Sumatra became jeopardized, particularly, after Datu Sunggal fought the Deli Sultan (1872) who was protected by the Dutch. There were 500 Malays and 1000 Bataks who joined the battle led by Datu Sunggal that forced the Dutch to call for help from Captain Koops from Riau.

Being aware of the obvious ambition of the Dutch to expand their authority in the Batak region, King Sisingamangaraja XII called for meetings of all the kings and local leaders in the region (Balige).

He officially proclaimed “Pulas” to the Dutch. It took some time and had to go through traditional laws and regulations before King Sisingamangaraja came up with a decision.

The meetings were not so smooth because some conflicts arose amongst the kings. The meetings were conducted once in four days in January 1878.

The next battles led by the King broke out in Bahal Batu (1878), Balige (1883), Pints and Samosir (1883), Sipoholon (1887), Simanullang Toruan (1889), Uluan (1907), Sipangan Lolon Girsang (1907). However, because they had modern technology, the Dutch could win the war.

This forced King Sisingamangaraja to flee to Sionomhudon (North Sumatra). In his cornered situation he kept saying: “It’s not for the sake of my grandparents, nor for the sake of my parents or myself but it’s only for the sake of Ompung Mula Jadi Nabolon (God)”.

With this holy spirit King Sisingamangaraja XII mobilized all kinds of power and support against the Dutch rule from the people in North Sumatra as well as from the people in the vicinities. He tried to maintain his authority and keep his people free.

The troops from Aceh were also called on to expel the Dutch from North Sumatra.

People might wonder how King Sisingamangaraja could survive for almost 30 years. One of his secrets was the unity principle of his leadership which was popularly called Dalihan Natolu).

Various rewards were offered by the Dutch to influence the King to surrender to them. However, the offers were turned down. It was because of his strong belief in the Mula Jadi Nabolon (God) and “the fighting spirit of the black eyed people”. As a result, he could maintain good cooperation with other local leaders and the people in the surrounding areas.

What they fought for, in fact, was the sovereignty and freedom of the Indonesian people in general. Even, well equipped with their modern technology the Dutch attacks were not successful. It made them gather all their operational power to overthrow King Sisingamangaraja XII.

SOURCE : NORTHSUMATERATRAVEL.NET

Biography of The Batak’s King Sisingamangaraja XII

Raja Sisingamangaraja 12

Raja Sisingamangaraja 12

 

Patuan Besar Ompu Pulo Batu, better known as Sisingamangaraja XII (1849 – 17 June 1907), was the last priest-king of the Batak peoples of north Sumatra.

In the course of fighting a lengthy guerrilla war against the Dutch colonisation of Sumatra from 1878 onwards, he was killed in a skirmish with Dutch troops in 1907.

He was declared a National Hero of Indonesia in 1961 for his resistance to Dutch colonialism.

 

Biography

 

Sisingamangaraja XII was born Patuan Besar Ompu Pulo Batu in Bakkara, Tapanuli, in 1849.

He was the successor to his father Sisingamangaraja (“great-king-kind-of-lion”) XI, who died in 1867.

He was the last in a line of figures known as parmalim (religious leaders) who were regarded as divine kings and incarnations of Batara Guru, the Javanese version of the god Shiva.

The Sisingamangaraja was believed to have powers such as the ability drive away evil spirits, call forth the rain and control rice-growing.

He was not normally seen as a political figure, but when Dutch colonists and missionaries began penetrating north Sumatra from the 1850s onwards both Sisingamangaraja XI and XII became the focus of Batak resistance to colonial rule.

Although they were not personally anti-Christian, the two Sisingamangarajas faced pressure to act from traditiona list Batak chiefs and the neighbouring Sultanate of Aceh, which was at war with the Dutch from 1873.

 

Resistance against Dutch

 

In February 1878, Sisingamangaraja XII held a religious ceremony to rally the Bataks behind him in a war of resistance against the Dutch.

His forces attacked Dutch outposts in Bakal Batu, Tarutung, but were defeated. He regrouped and launched a fresh offensive in 1883–84 with Acehnese aid, attacking the Dutch at Uluan and Balige in May 1883 and in Tangga Batu in 1884.

The Dutch mounted a harsh response, torturing and killing Bataks suspected of being followers of Sisingamangaraja XII, as well as burning houses and imposing punitive taxes. They offered rewards for information on his whereabouts but were unable to capture him.

In 1904, Dutch forces under Lt Col Gotfried Coenraad Ernst van Daalen attacked Tanah Gayo and some areas around Lake Toba in order to break the Batak resistance. Sisingamangaraja XII’s forces resorted to guerrilla warfare and evaded the Dutch troops.

The Dutch reinforced their troops and weapons before launching another offensive in 1907 against the remainder of Sisingamangaraja XII’s forces in the Toba region.

A battle was fought at Pak-pak between the Dutch, led by Captain Hans Christoffel, and Sisingamangaraja’s troops.

On 17 June 1907 Sisingamangaraja XII was killed in a clash at Dairi along with his daughter Princess Lopian and his sons, Raja Patuan Nagari and Raja Patuan Anggi.

He was buried in Tarutung, then moved to Balige, and later moved to Samosir Island.

Legacy

In 1961 Sisingamangaraja XII was declared a “National Hero of Indonesia” – specifically a “Hero of the Struggle for Freedom” (Pahlawan Perjuangan Kemerdekaan) – by the Indonesian government under Presidential Decree number 590.  (*)

 

 

SOURCE : WIKIPEDIA